In the final Term of the Master’s programme, students complete an Independent Research Project, under the supervision of a faculty or senior researcher. The Independent Research Project is also supplemented with a weekly research design course. A short summary of some 2019 final projects below:

Singapore in posters

Siti Aishah Azmansah

National campaigns seem to influence thoughts and behaviours of Singaporeans. The extensive use of national campaigns generates a trove of data on the social ideas lauded by the state. This provides an alternative lens to trace the changes in issues that afflict the Singapore society. This project explores Singapore’s national campaign posters on health, environmental and population-control issues to trace the change in campaign message objectives and message appeal methods.

More information: https://sitiaish.github.io/sg_campaignposters/

Designer criteria of covered walkways that evokes pedestrian delight and comfort: a case study in Tampines

Deviana Kosasih

In most parts of the city, existing pedestrian walkways were built based on engineering considerations. E.g., walkway landscapes and the location of bushes and trees were determined by conditions such as the width of the street. While these conditions served their purpose functionally, the environment of the walkways is often not satisfactory because they were built not based on pedestrians’ perception.

This study evaluated three features of walkways: greenery, shelter and design. Different scenarios of the walkways with the combination of these features were created using augmented reality. An on-site survey was conducted to directly test the effect of these scenarios, with a specific focus on how these physical environments affect a pedestrian’s delight and satisfaction, thus encouraging people to walk.

Assessing the Land Use Characteristics Along SBK-MRT Line Station Corridors from The Perspective of First-And-Last-Mile Access

Kanagaraj Krishna

Greater Kuala Lumpur is the continuous urban conurbation area surrounding Kuala Lumpur, which is the capital of Malaysia. Urban migration and the corresponding growth in population has hugely influenced its geographical urban form, with rapid suburbanisation creating a wider horizontal distribution of the population. As a result, this has contributed to private vehicles becoming the main mode of transportation, creating considerable stress on the road infrastructure, economic productivity (congestion), environment (carbon emission) and impacting the well-being of the population. Despite aggressive transformation efforts and significant investments in mass rail infrastructure, public transportation is experiencing a slower-than-expected growth in ridership. This study attempts to identify and assess the land use characteristics along the SBK-MRT station corridor from the perspective of first-and-last- mile access. It is hoped that the outcome of the study would help in formulating solutions and guidance on future land planning strategies, thus enhancing the connectivity between Greater KL’s public transportation network and its populace.

At the Intersection of Urban Planners & Data Scientists: From Models to Planning Support Systems

Jolene Quek

The question of crucial interest in this paper is: how can quantitative studies done by data scientists be more applicable to urban planners? The paper proposes a workflow from model-making to the representation information in planning support systems, emphasizing on packaging the modular information outputs from the modelling process to form targeted yet explorable visualizations to provide for specific planning use-cases. Applied in the context of commuter travel pattern analyses, the proposed workflow extends to form recommendations on visualizing commuter travel patterns analyses in a planning support system.

More information: https://jolenequekk.wordpress.com/

Machines gone wrong

Lim Swee Kiat

Artificial intelligence (AI) has permeated into military, law enforcement, financial, healthcare and education applications. What was once the fancy of science fiction authors has been made real enough to both save and endanger livelihoods and lives. In light of what is at stake, there is a moral imperative for AI practitioners to understand the related ethical issues. This project aims to craft an online primer to algorithmic bias, one of the key ethical issues in AI applications. With a relatable tone, the primer introduces the topic via real-world case studies and interactive examples.

More information: https://machinesgonewrong.com

Perceptions of art on the wall in Singapore

Alex Ng

The project explores the street art and murals in Haji Lane, Chinatown and Everton Road through a variety through publicly available data from social media platform Instagram and interviews. The research revealed recently commissioned murals, large street art works that spreads over two shophouses and aesthetically pleasant are generally more popular. This provides some guidance on what type of art can identify with visitors and create vibrant public spaces.

Understanding the factors contributing to low public resilience to flash floods in Singapore

Norio Sim

Using the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) as a framework, this study attempts to find out and understand the factors contributing to and affecting the low levels of public resilience towards flash floods amongst residents in Singapore. The adoption of adaptation measures is used as the measure for resilience. It involves individuals and communities assuming greater responsibility for their preparedness which can assist in a sustainable response and recovery to minimize the impact of flash floods. The nature of interacting factors contributes to the complexity in identifying factors to explain adaptation intentions, where both cognitive and socio-demographic variables should be considered. This study serves as a steppingstone to further research on how residents in Singapore can be provided with the impetus to engage in adaptation measures against flash floods. The desirable outcome would be for a shared responsibility for flood risk minimization through a renewed way of risk communication on flash floods to residents.

Typology of Urban Public Space in Singapore

Irwan Soetikno

This research explores the typology of urban public space in Singapore as a conceptual framework for transdisciplinary study (e.g. built environment, geography, sociology, and economy). It aims to produce a typology which will serve as an analytical tool for academic and practitioner to better understand urban public space in Singapore. It could also specifically contribute to Singapore government authority (e.g. URA and NParks) as a framework to organise, assess and manage urban public spaces. Lastly, by examining the specificity, unique types, characteristics and quality of public urban space in Singapore, this research will eventually contribute to the general theoretical study of urban public spaces within regional (Southeast Asia) and global context.

More information here.